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Traditional Mikveh Blessings

By Ritualwell
woman with eyes closed floating in water on her back

When one goes to the mikveh, three blessings are said upon immersing three times. Regardless of the occasion (conversion, before marriage, recovery from cancer, niddah (family purity), etc.) two blessings always remain the same, whereas the third blessing changes depending on the occasion. 

First two blessings (except niddah—in the case of niddah only the first blessing is required):

ENTER MIKVEH, TAKE DEEP BREATH, IMMERSE COMPLETELY AND REMAIN UNDER WATER FOR A FEW MOMENTS.

STAND, TAKE A BREATH. AND SAY THE BLESSING:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אֲדֹנָי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ עַל הַטְבִלָה

Barukh atah Adonay Eloheynu melekh ha-olam, asher kidshanu b'mitzvotav v'tzivanu al ha-t'vilah.

Blessed are you, Eternal God, ruler of the universe, who sanctifies us through mitzvot and has enjoined us concerning immersion.

DUNK A SECOND TIME!

STAND, TAKE A BREATH, AND SAY THE BLESSING:

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אֲדֹנָי אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ וְקִיְּמָנוּ וְהִגִּיעָנוּ לַזְּמָן הַזֶּה

Barukh atah Adonay, Eloheynu melekh ha-olam, shehekheyanu, v'kiy'manu, v'higianu, la-z'man ha-zeh.

Blessed is the Eternal, the God of all creation, who has blessed me with life, sustained me, and enabled me to reach this moment.

Third blessing:

The third and final blessing changes depending on the occasion. A few example are found below:

For conversion:

שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל, יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ, יְיָ אֶחָֽד

Sh'ma Yisrael, Adonay Eloheynu, Adonay ekhad.

HEAR O ISRAEL, THE ETERNAL OUR GOD, THE ETERNAL IS ONE!

Before marriage:

וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי, לְעוֹלָם; וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי בְּצֶדֶק וּבְמִשְׁפָּט, וּבְחֶסֶד וּבְרַחֲמִים

 וְאֵרַשְׂתִּיךְ לִי, בֶּאֱמוּנָה; וְיָדַעַתְּ, אֶת-יְהוָה

Transliteration: V'eyrastikh (v'eyratikha, masculine) li, l'olam. V'eyratikh (v'eyratikha, masculine) li b'tzedek u'v'mishpat, u'v'khesed u'v'rakhamim. V'eyratikh (v'eyratikha, masculine) li, be'emunah, v'da'at et Adonai.

I will betroth you to me, forever. I will betroth you to me with righteousness and with justice, with goodness and with compassion. I will betroth you to me in truth, and we will come to know G-d.

For niddah:

Only the first blessing (v'tzivanu al hatevilah) is said, although the person immerses three times. It is up to the person to choose to say additional verses or kavannot (intentions) preceding the remaining two immersions.

Prayer