Glossary beginning with I


Lit. Mother (Hebrew)


Lit. Mothers

The foremothers, or matriarchs: Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Leah.


Abraham and Sarah's much-longed-for son and the second Jewish patriarch. Isaac is nearly sacrificed by his father at God's command (Genesis 22). He is married to Rebecca and is the father of Esau and Jacob. His Hebrew name is Yitzchak.


Lit. ''the one who struggles with God.''

Israel means many things. It is first used with reference to Jacob, whose name is changed to Israel (Genesis 32:29), the one who struggles with God. Jacob's children, the Jewish people, become B'nai Israel, the children of Israel. The name also refers to the land of Israel and the State of Israel.